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Readings for the Festival of Unleavened Bread

Portion Readings:

  • Torá
  • Day 1 (Saturday 31 March): Exodus 12:21-51; Numbers 28:16-25;
    Day 2 (Sunday 1 April): Leviticus 22:26—23:44; Numbers 28:16-25;
    Day 3 (Monday 2 April): Exodus 13:1-16; Numbers 28:16-25
    Day 4 (Tuesday 3 April): Exodus 22:25—23:19; Numbers 28:16-25
    Day 5 (Wednesday 4 April): Exodus 34:1-26; Numbers 28:16-25
    Day 6 (Thursday 5 April): Exodus 9:1-14; Numbers 28:16-25
    Day 7 (Friday 6 April. A “sabbath”): Exodus 13:17—15:26; Numbers 28:16-25
    [Day 8 (OBSERVED ONLY OUTSIDE OF ISRAEL) Saturday 7 April]: Deuteronomy 15:19—16:17; Numbers 28:19-25
  • Haftarah
  • Day 1 (Saturday 31 March): Joshua 3:5-7; 5:2-6:1: 6:27
    Day 2 (Sunday 1 April): II Kings 23: 1-9; 21-25
    Day 7 (Friday 6 April. A “sabbath”): II Samuel 22:1-51
    [Day 8 (OBSERVED ONLY OUTSIDE OF ISRAEL) Saturday 7 April]: Isaiah 10:32—12:6

Portion Summary

Israel Clouds

Pray for the presence of Ruach haKodesh—the Holy Spirit/Holy Wind—to attend the Holy Word which will be read throughout the week of Passover!

READINGS FOR THE FESTIVAL OF UNLEAVENED BREAD

Provided for those of our readers who may wish to follow the passages read next Saturday and the week following in synagogues around the world.

Day 1 (Saturday 31 March): Exodus 12:21-51; Numbers 28:16-25
Joshua 3:5-7; 5:2—6:1: 6:27

The Exodus passage recounts the first Passover, the slaying of the lamb and the placing of blood on the doorposts, the passing of YHVH through Egypt, the “skipping over” of those households with blood on the doors, the striking of the Firstborn of Egypt; the sending of Israel out of the Land, their going out arrayed as armies of the LORD 430 year to the day after being exiled to Egypt. The Numbers reading details the sacrifices to be offered on Passover during future observances (This reading will be repeated in some form each day throughout the week). The Haftarah from Joshua details the time, over forty years later, when the next generation, before entering at last into Canaan is required to be circumcised. After this is done and the reproach of Egypt was rolled off of them at Gilgal, the Children of Israel celebrate Passover in the Land on the plains of Jericho, the manna ceases, and the Commander of the Army of the LORD appears to send Joshua into the Land.

Day 2 (Sunday 1 April): Leviticus 22:26—23:44; Numbers 28:16-25
II Kings 23: 1-9; 21-25

The Leviticus passage enumerates the “Set Times of the LORD”—Shabbat, Passover, Unleavened Bread, Firstfruits, the Counting of the Omer and Shavuot (Weeks/Pentecost), Yom T’ruah (Festival of Shofars/Trumpets), Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement), Sukkot (Booths/Tabernacles). The II Kings Haftarah relates a great revival in the days of King Josiah in Jerusalem, in which he cleansed the land of idolatry (as it were, leaven); then the people celebrated a wonderful Passover, unlike any which had gone before, because Josiah “turned to the LORD with all his heart, with all his soul, and with all his might, according to all the Torah of Moses” (vs 25).

FIRST FRUITS

The first and seventh days of Passover Week are to be observed as “sabbaths”—regular work is to cease. This Sunday, the day after the first Passover sabbath–is the day on which most of present-day Judaism considers the Ceremony of First Fruits would have been performed (Leviticus 23:9-14). A sheaf (omer) of the first of the grain harvest was brought and waved before the LORD. It was on this day, the third day after His death, that Yeshua was raised and presented Himself as “firstfruits from the dead” to the Father. (I Corinthians 15:23).

This also marks the first day in the “Counting of the Omer” to Shavuot–the “Feast of Weeks”/ “Pentecost” (Leviticus 23:15).

Day 3 (Monday 2 April): Exodus 13:1-16; Numbers 28:16-25

The Exodus passage recounts the LORD’s instructions immediately following the Children of Israel’s coming out on the night of the first Passover. Israel is admonished to consecrate to the LORD all the firstborn. She is regularly to remember this day in which she went out of Egypt, “out of the house of bondage”. She is to remember to celebrate this Feast of Unleavened Bread for seven days each year.

Day 4 (Tuesday 3 April): Exodus 22:25—23:19; Numbers 28:16-25

The Exodus passage includes among a list of civil laws, a further instruction regarding celebration of three annual feasts to the LORD: the Feast of Unleavened Bread, in the month of Aviv (First Month, Nisan) in the Spring; the Feast of (Spring) Harvest (Shavuot/Pentecost); and the Feast of Ingathering (Sukkot in the Fall). At these festivals, all males would appear before Adonai the LORD.

Day 5 (Wednesday 4 April): Exodus 34:1-26; Numbers 28:16-25

The Exodus passage recounts the LORD instructing Moses to hew two stone tablets (like the ones he had broken in anger) and ascend Mount Sinai. After he does this, the LORD descends in a cloud and stands with him as he calls upon the name YHVH, then passes by in front of him proclaiming, “YHWH, YHWH God, compassionate and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in loving kindness and truth, who keeps loving kindness for thousands, who bears away iniquity, transgression and sin…” Verse 18 reads, “You shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread. For seven days you are to eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the appointed time in the month of Aviv, for in the month of Aviv you came out of Egypt.”

Day 6 (Thursday 5 April): Exodus 9:1-14; Numbers 28:16-25

The Exodus passage recounts the LORD’s command to Pharaoh to “send My people away that they may serve Me.” If Pharaoh refuses, the LORD will “make a difference between the livestock of Israel and the livestock of Egypt” and his hand of judgment will be on Egypt. After this occurs and Pharaoh’s heart again becomes hard, God releases an outbreak of grievous sores on the Egyptians, then hardens the heart of Pharaoh. At the last, Moses rises early and stands before Pharaoh: “Thus says YHVH the Hebrew God, ‘Send my people away, that they may serve Me, for at this time I will send all My plagues to your very heart, and on your servants and on your people, that you may know that there is none like Me in all the earth’” (Exodus 9:13b-14).

Day 7 (Friday 6 April. A “sabbath”): Exodus 13:17—15:26; Numbers 28:16-25
II Samuel 22:1-51

The Exodus passage recounts the Children of Israel going forth in orderly ranks by way of the Red Sea, led by the LORD in a pillar of cloud by day and of fire by night. Pharaoh pursues them, the sea opens and they pass through, but the Egyptian armies are destroyed, and on the further shore they sing Shir haYam (The “Song of the Sea”), “Sing to YHVH for He has triumphed gloriously! The horse and rider He has thrown into the sea!” Traveling on the LORD sweetens the bitter waters at Marah by having Moses throw a tree into it. The people are admonished, “If you diligently heed the voice of YHVH your God and do what is right in His sight, give ear to His commandments and keep all His statutes, I will put none of the diseases on you which I have brought on the Egyptians. For I am the LORD who heals you” (Exodus 15:26). The Haftarah from II Samuel is a wonderful Psalm which “David spoke to the LORD…on the day that the LORD had delivered him from the hand of all his enemies” (This Psalm also appears in the Psalter as Psalm 18): “The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer; The God of my strength, in whom I will trust…I will call upon the LORD, who is worthy to be praised; So shall I be saved from my enemies…Therefore I will give thanks to you, O LORD, among the nations, and sing praises to Your name” (II Samuel 22:1-4, 50).

[Day 8 (OBSERVED ONLY OUTSIDE OF ISRAEL) Saturday 7 April]
Deuteronomy 15:19—16:17; Numbers 28:19-25
Isaiah 10:32—12:6
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It is also customary at some point during Passover Week to read

The Song of Songs (Song of Solomon)

Martin & Norma Sarvis
Jerusalem

This week's Torah Portion VaYera – “And the LORD Appeared” – October 21-27, 2018
Torá: Genesis 18:1—22:24 Haftarah: II Kings 4:1-37 Read this

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