A: Abraham is considered the Father of the Jewish nation. In Genesis, he was called from his birthplace to follow God. His descendants were originally called Hebrews from the Hebrew word “avar” or “pass over,” because the children of Israel passed over the Jordan into the Promised Land.

The word “Jew” comes from the Hebrew name “Judah” who was one of Jacob’s 12 sons. It means “praise.”

Religious Jews today consider a person Jewish if they have Jewish mother or formal process of conversion conditioned on rabbinical laws. According to Jewish thought, being Jewish has nothing to do with what you believe or what you do. A Jew can be an atheist or a Buddhist and still be Jewish. That is why the MJBI believes that Jewish person does not need to become a “Christian” to become a follower of Jesus. “As many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become children of God, even to those who believe in His name” [John 1:12].

For more information:


A: Messianic Jews are Jews who have come to faith in Jesus as their Messiah. They call him Yeshua, meaning salvation in Hebrew. They retain their Jewish identity, lifestyle and practice but fully embrace the virgin-birth of Yeshua, his death, resurrection, and ascension. They accept him as the Jewish people’s long awaited Messiah and Redeemer of Israel and all nations. Messianic Jews challenge the idea that when Jews come to faith in Yeshua that they should become Christians.


A: Names are important. Everyone loves to be called by his/her given name or nickname. Using a person’s correct name is a sign of relationship. Yeshua is the name that Jesus used when he lived here on earth, and Scripture tells us that it is much more than that—there is power in his name when two or three agree and pray in his name.

The Hebrew language is very important the Jewish people; it is very difficult to separate their language, culture, and traditions. Although Hebrew is spoken in Israel today as a modern language, it is still and a tongue with ancient roots and a strong liturgical history. When a Jewish person comes to embrace the revelation of Yeshua, his name in Hebrew becomes sweeter, more intimate. Yeshua comes from the root word in Hebrew that means salvation. Another name from the same root is Joshua.


A: Some Jews and Christians are stunned to discover that Jesus, the disciples of Jesus, and the apostles were Jewish. In fact, the first followers of Christianity were Jewish—although it wasn’t called “Christianity” then! After the resurrection and ascension of Jesus, Greeks and Gentiles were added to the body of believers who embraced Jesus, but the first followers were Jews in every respect. Christianity and Judaism seem to be polar opposites, but Christian belief and lifestyle and practice is rooted in Judaism.

Christians owe a debt of gratitude to the Jewish people. They gave us our Savior, the Bible, the patriarchs, the Ten Commandments, and the inspirational example of Jewish family tradition and blessings through the ages.


A: In the early years after the ascension of Jesus and as Messianic Judaism began to grow, Gentile believers rejected Jewish believers. Sometimes they called them heretics because they continued to live as Jews, with Jewish traditions and practice. Things are biblical and generally not contrary to Scripture. e. g. the observance of Shabbat, and the keeping of the Jewish holidays, etc. This misunderstanding caused a huge barrier to grow between the Gentile Christians and Jews for centuries, causing thousands of Jews to be persecuted and killed at the hands of Christians. It culminated in the Holocaust in Europe in the 1940s.

Although the world grew aware and sometimes ashamed, and especially Germany, for the deeds of the Holocaust; it certainly has not stopped anti-Semitism. It is on the rise in almost every country around the globe. It has a new name, “Anti-Zionism” and is perpetrated by new ethnic groups that claim to that Israel does not have the right to exist. But it is still against the Jewish people, and it is the same old battle.

Believers in Jesus are admonished to bless the Jewish people. There is a blessing that comes with promise and a curse that comes with its disregard. Genesis 12: 1-3 tells us that God will bless those that bless Israel and curse those who do not.


A: Seven ways to bless the Jewish people:

  1. Pray for the peace of Jerusalem.
  2. Pray for Jewish believers living in Israel and around the world.
  3. Pray for God to bring Jewish people into your pathway.
  4. Learn about Jewish holidays.
  5. Tell your family and friends why they should stand with Israel.
  6. Stand against all forms of anti-Semitism in the church and outside.
  7. Give to Jewish poor and support Jewish ministries who believe that Jesus is the Messiah around the world.

A: Jews and Gentiles, even Muslims, say that Jesus was a good rabbi, a good teacher, a great prophet or an inspirational, historical figure. After the passing of more than 2,000 years, Jesus remains as controversial as he did in the first century. We at the MJBI believe that Jesus is exactly who he said he was. He is the way the truth and the life, as documented in Scripture and confirmed by the experiences of both thousands of Jewish and Gentile believers through the centuries.

According to Scripture:

  1. Jesus was born of a virgin. Matthew 1:22-23 fulfills Isaiah 7:14.
  2. Jesus was born in Bethlehem. Matthew 2:4-6 fulfills Micah 5:2.
  3. Jesus was from the line of David. Luke 3 fulfills Jeremiah 23:5, 33:17; Ezekiel 34:23-24; II Sam. 7:14; I Chr. 17:11-14, 22:9-10, 28:4-6.
  4. Jesus’ side was pierced on the cross. John 19:33-37 fulfills Zechariah 12:10.
  5. Jesus was the Suffering Servant. John 12:37-38; Acts 8:30-35; 1 Peter 2:21-25 fulfill Isaiah 52-53.
  6. Jesus was God. John 8:58 fulfills Isaiah 9:6.

Here are a few links to help answer questions:


A: Through the centuries ten of thousands of Jews have come to believe in Jesus as their Messiah. In fact, a conservative guess of Israel alone is that there are over 15,000 Messianic Jewish believers. If Jews do not accept Jesus, they have not taken time to study for themselves the facts on his life, history, and legacy.

Here are some book suggestions:

  • “Who is Jesus?” by Dr. Michael Brown
  • “There Must be Something More” by Sid Roth
  • “They Thought for Themselves” by Sid Roth
  • “YeshuA: Who is He? By Dr. Michael Brown
  • “Jewish Objections to Jesus” (4 volumes) by Dr. Michael Brown

Video: Messianic Jewish believers in Israel


A: The Lord had said to Abram, “Leave your native country, your relatives, and your father’s family, and go to the land that I will show you. I will make you into a great nation. I will bless you and make you famous, and you will be a blessing to others. I will bless those who bless you and curse those who treat you with contempt. All the families on earth will be blessed through you Genesis 12:1-3.

In reality the Jewish people have become a blessing to all the families on earth! Here are a few statistics:

The Global Jewish population is approximately 14,000,000 FOURTEEN MILLION or about 0.02% of the world’s population. They have received the following Nobel Prizes:

Literature:

1910 – Paul Heyse
1927 – Henri Bergson
1958 – Boris Pasternak
1966 – Shmuel Yosef Agnon
1966 – Nelly Sachs
1976 – Saul Bellow
1978 – Isaac Bashevis Singer
1981 – Elias Canetti
1987 – Joseph Brodsky
1991 – Nadine Gordimer World

Peace:

1911 – Alfred Fried
1911 – Tobias Michael Carel Asser
1968 – Rene Cassin
1973 – Henry Kissinger
1978 – Menachem Begin
1986 – Elie Wiesel
1994 – Shimon Peres
1994 – Yitzhak Rabin

Physics:

1905 – Adolph Von Baeyer
1906 – Henri Moissan
1907 – Albert Abraham Michelson
1908 – Gabriel Lippmann
1910 – Otto Wallach
1915 – Richard Willstaetter
1918 – Fritz Haber
1921 – Albert Einstein
1922 – Niels Bohr
1925 – James Franck
1925 – Gustav Hertz
1943 – Gustav Stern
1943 – George Charles de Hevesy
1944 – Isidor Issac Rabi
1952 – Felix Bloch
1954 – Max Born
1958 – Igor Tamm
1959 – Emilio Segre
1960 – Donald A. Glaser
1961 – Robert Hofstadter
1961 – Melvin Calvin
1962 – Lev Davidovich Landau
1962 – Max Ferdinand Perutz
1965 – Richard Phillips Feynman
1965 – Julian Schwinger
1969 – Murray Gell-Mann
1971 – Dennis Gabor
1972 – William Howard Stein
1973 – Brian David Josephson
1975 – Benjamin Mottleson
1976 – Burton Richter
1977 – Ilya Prigogine
1978 – Arno Allan Penzias
1978 – Peter L Kapitza
1979 – Stephen Weinberg
1979 – Sheldon Glashow
1979 – Herbert Charle s Brown
1980 – Paul Berg
1980 – Walter Gilbert
1981 – Roald Hoffmann
1982 – Aaron Klug
1985 – Albert A. Hauptman
1985 – Jerome Karle
1986 – Dudley R. Herschbach
1988 – Robert Huber
1988 – Leon Lederman
1988 – Melvin Schwartz
1988 – Jack Steinberger
1989 – Sidney Altman
1990 – Jerome Friedman
1992 – Rudolph Marcus
1995 – Martin Perl
2000 – Alan J. Heeger

Economics:

1970 – Paul Anthony Samuelson
1971 – Simon Kuznets
1972 – Kenneth Joseph Arrow
1975 – Leonid Kantorovich
1976 – Milton Friedman
1978 – Herbert A. Simon
1980 – Lawrence Robert Klein
1985 – Franco Modigliani
1987 – Robert M. Solow
1990 – Harry Markowitz
1990 – Merton Miller
1992 – Gary Becker
1993 – Robert Fogel

Medicine:

1908 – Elie Metchnikoff
1908 – Paul Erlich
1914 – Robert Barany
1922 – Otto Meyerhof
1930 – Karl Landsteiner
1931 – Otto Warburg
1936 – Otto Loewi
1944 – Joseph Erlanger
1944 – Herbert Spencer Gasser
1945 – Ernst Boris Chain
1946 – Hermann Joseph Muller
1950 – Tadeus Reichstein
1952 – Selman Abra ham Waksman
1953 – Hans Krebs
1953 – Fritz Albert Lipmann
1958 – Joshua Lederberg
1959 – Arthur Kornberg
1964 – Konrad Bloch
1965 – Francois Jacob
1965 – Andre Lwoff
1967 – George Wald
1968 – Marshall W. Nirenberg
1969 – Salvador Luria
1970 – Julius Axelrod
1970 – Sir Bernard Katz
1972 – Gerald Maurice Edelman
1975 – Howard Martin Temin
1976 – Baruch S. Blumberg
1977 – Roselyn Sussman Yalow
1978 – Daniel Nathans
1980 – Baruj Benacerraf
1984 – Cesar Milstein
1985 – Michael Stuart Brown
1985 – Joseph L. Goldstein
1986 – Stanley Cohen [& Rita Levi-Montalcini]
1988 – Gertrude Elion
1989 – Harold Varmus
1991 – Erwin Neher
1991 – Bert Sakmann
1993 – Richard J. Roberts
1993 – Phillip Sharp
1994 – Alfred Gilman
1995 – Edward B. Lewis

TOTAL: ONE HUNDRED & TWENTY NINE


A: Albert Einstein’s mental prowess made him an icon for the disciplines of Science. As a Jew, Einstein had distinct views on Jesus, the New Testament, and the Church. Below is a clip of an interview from the Saturday Evening Post, October 26, 1929:

“To what extent are you influenced by Christianity?”

“As a child I received instruction both in the Bible and in the Talmud. I am a Jew, but I am enthralled by the luminous figure of the Nazarene.”

“Have you read Emil Ludwig’s book on Jesus?”

“Emil Ludwig’s Jesus is shallow. Jesus is too colossal for the pen of phrasemongers, however artful. No man can dispose of Christianity with a bon mot [a witty remark].”

“You accept the historical existence of Jesus?”

“Unquestionably! No one can read the Gospels without feeling the actual presence of Jesus. His personality pulsates in every word. No myth is filled with such life.”
In a letter to the Episcopal Bishop Edward R. Wells in 1945, Einstein wrote concerning the behavior of the Christian Church during the Holocaust.

“Being a lover of freedom… I looked to the universities to defend it, knowing that they had always boasted of their devotion to the cause of truth; but, no, the universities immediately were silenced. Then I looked to the great editors of the newspapers whose flaming editorials in days gone by had proclaimed their love of freedom; but they, like the universities, were silenced in a few short weeks. Only the church stood squarely across the path of Hitler’s campaign for suppressing the truth. I never had any special interest in the church before, but now I feel a great affection and admiration because the church alone has had the courage and persistence to stand for intellectual truth and moral freedom. I am forced to confess that what I once despised I now praise unreservedly” ~Baltimore Evening Sun, April 13, 1979.

This is one Jew’s view of Jesus. I am aware there are many views of Jesus in the Jewish world. Some despise Him, some admire Him from a far, some secretly believe, and some radically follow Him.

The prophet Zechariah said of his own people that someday ”They will mourn Him whom they pierced…” Jew or gentile, all our sins have pierced Him.

It seems that Einstein was “almost persuaded” to believe in Jesus as King Agrippa in the book of Acts.

In his “enthrallment with the luminous Nazarene,” I wonder if Einstein ever considered “that He was pierced?”

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  • Zealous Magazine

    Summer 2017